Anti-Doping Rule Violations

One of UKAD's responsibilities is the management of anti-doping rule violations committed by athletes or athlete support personnel.

In the World Anti-Doping Code there are eight Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRV). They consist of the following:

  • The presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an athlete’s sample
  • Use or attempted use by an athlete of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method
  • Refusing, or failing without compelling justification, to submit to sample collection after notification as authorised in applicable anti-doping rules or otherwise evading sample collection
  • Violation of applicable requirements regarding athlete availability for out-of-competition testing, including failure to provide whereabouts information and missed tests which are declared based on reasonable rules
  • Tampering or attempted tampering with any part of doping control
  • Possession of prohibited substances and prohibited methods
  • Trafficking or attempted trafficking in any prohibited substance or prohibited method
  • Administration or attempted administration to any athlete in-competition of any prohibited method or prohibited substance, or administration or attempted administration to any athlete out-of-competition of any prohibited method or any prohibited substance that is prohibited out-of-competition, or assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, covering up or any other type of complicity involving an ADRV or any attempted ADRV.

As the National Anti-Doping Organisation, UKAD is responsible for charging athletes or athlete support personnel who have committed an ADRV, which the athlete or support personnel can either accept or challenge through an established legal process. This process is outlined in the Results Management section of this website.

Once a case has been through the full disciplinary process, details are published under Current Sanctions. The publishing of decisions follows the relevant NGB’s Anti-Doping Rules and will include details of the sport, individual, substance (if relevant) and consequences imposed.

UKAD also publishes quarterly updates of results from its testing programme. These can be found in the Facts and Figures section and include a sport-by-sport breakdown of the number of tests conducted.

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